Questions for Analysis

Four central questions for analysis are defined to analyze the case studies within the project:
  • What kinds of management instruments are used to solve environmental problems and how effective are they?
  • What kinds of original rules and institutional arrangements are implemented and which economic governance models have been established?
  • What crucial aspects must be considered when transferring these solutions to other communities that face similar problems?
  • What is the capacity of CSOs and their networks for contributing to finding, implementing and transferring such solutions?


Research methods
the project will take an action research and case study approach. Action research approach is an interactive inquiry process that balances problem solving actions implemented in a collaborative context with data-driven collaborative analysis or research to understand underlying causes enabling future predictions about personal and organizational change. Our transfer approach will be based on participatory action research. ‘Essentially Participatory Action Research’ (PAR) is research which involves all relevant parties in actively examining together current action (which they experience as problematic) in order to change and improve it. They do this by critically reflecting on the historical, political, cultural, economic, geographic and other contexts which make sense of it.
CSO project partners and their involvement in our case study communities are a key factor for our research approach. With regard to our case study communities, RTD and CSO partners together are the “knowledge producers”. In this process our CSO partners can be defined as “information brokers” for our research partners. With regard to our transfer communities both partners together are the “knowledge brokers”. In our transfer communities RTD and CSO will be involved in the adaptation of successful and sustainable solutions for ES management. Thus, RTD and CSO partners themselves will become part of the transfer community in the sense of participatory action research.