New publication on CiVinet Maruj Case Study partners published a scientific article on the Marujá Case Study:

Schröter, B., et al., 2014, ‘Multi-level governance through adaptive co-management: conflict resolution in a Brazilian state park’, Ecological Processes, 3:6

Communities situated in protected areas generate conflicts among park administrators, residents and scientists. Should they stay or should they go? This article presents a positive example of a community existing in a state park. The study describes the community’s governance process as well as how the park administration and the community solve the conflicts that arise and achieve a method of co-management in a multi-level governance process.

The analysis is based on the Management and Transition Framework (MTF). We used a case study approach and collected data via document study, participatory observation and qualitative interviews.


We find that the agreed system of community-based co-management has improved the implementation and enforcement of the state park’s rules through negotiation and communication mechanisms in the park council. This relative success is due to the construction of social capital, equality and empowerment.


For state parks in similar situations, the findings suggest that: 1) a community should have at least a minimal level of self-organization; 2) the empowerment of the community in the decision-making process is useful; 3) the park administration should gain the trust of the residents; and 4) the effective management of ecosystem services can create a win-win situation for the community as well as the park.


Management of ecosystem services; Social capital; Protected areas; Communities; Latin America

Click here to go to the page of the journal Ecological Processes.